Medieval Weapons and War Tactics
The weapon you were given depended on what social class you were. If you were lower class your weapons ranged from pole arms, battle axes, longbows and more. The Knights however used medieval swords, shields, and they were trained to use lances. Every knight had training with the lance, sword, and dagger before they even stepped on the battlefield. One of the war tactics of their time was surrounding the city and cutting off all food supply until they surrendered. They also ran with long spears to counter a cavalry charge.
Book: Medieval Weapons and Warfare
Internet Source: Wikipedia: Medieval Warfare
Internet Source: Middles Ages Weapons