Robert the Bruce
Robert the Bruce was the king of Scotland from 1306 to 1329. To the Scots he’s known as a hero, because in 1314 he freed Scotland from the English rule. He was born on July 11, 1274. In 1290 Robert’s grandfather was crowned king.
mso-bidi-font-weight:bold">The English king Edward I, however, claimed authority over the Scots and awarded the crown to John de Balliol instead. Facing resistance from the Scots, Edward invaded and conquered Scotland in 1296. The army, who was forced to fight Robert, defeated him. He became an outlaw to the people. He was so determined that he decided to try again and defeat the English. When Edward I, was sent out to fight him he died in route. And his son Edward II, who was much weaker left he English troops to fend for themselves. By 1314 Robert had already driven from every town except for Stirling. Edward II finally decided to lead an army against them. Robert and his army defeated the English. For the next 14 years, there were still fights between them. Until, 1328 a peace treaty was signed to show Scotland’s independence. Robert died in 1329. Here are my sources.
Book Source: Sutherland, Dorothy. Enchantment of the World: Scotland. Canada: Regensteiner Publishing Enterprises. , 1985. 36-37. Print.
Internet Sources: "Robert I, the Bruce." U*X*L Biographies. Detroit: U*X*L, 2003. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 2 Feb. 2012. http://school.eb.com/comptons/article-9273371?query=RObert%20Bruce&ct=
"Bruce, Robert." Compton's by Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2012. Web. 2 Feb. 2012.<