Crustacean=Maryland blue crab
Dog=Chesapeake Bay retriever
Flower=Black eyed susan
Folk dance=square dance
Insect=Baltimore checkerspot butterfly
Song=Maryland! My Maryland!
In 1608 Captain John Smith explored Chesapeake
Bay.Charles the first granted a royal charter for Maryland to Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in 1632, and English settlers, many of whom were Roman Catholic, landed on St.Clements (now Blakistone)island in 1634.Religious freedom, granted all Christians in the Toleration Act passed by the Maryland assembly in 1649, was ended by a Puritan revolt,1654-1658.
From 1763 to 1767, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed Maryland's northern boundary line with Pennsylvania.In 1791, Maryland ceded land to form the District of Columbia.
In 1814, during the British attempt to capture Baltimore, the bombardment of Fort McHenry inspired Francis Scott Key to write the words to "The Star-Spangled Banner."During the Civil War, Maryland was a slave state but remained in the Union.Consequentaly, Marylanders fought on both sides and many families were divided.