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Compare/Contrast: Oka Crisis, Ipperwash Crisis, and Caledonia Crisis
The Native people of Canada and the Europeans have always had arguments and disputes over land, even to this day. Sometimes, these disputes get out of hand. Three recent serious conflicts were held at Oka, Ipperwash, and Caledonia. The following essay will look at each conflict and then compare/contrast them.
First, I will look at the Oka Crisis. The Oka Crisis started on July 11, 1990 and ended on September 26, 1990, lasting a total 78 days. When the Mohawks were told that a golf course was to expand onto their ancestral burial land, they set up armed barricades around the land. The police attacked the barricades and police officer Marcel Lemay was killed. The Canadian Army was eventually called in and the conflict was slowly resolved.
Secondly, I will examine the Ipperwash Crisis. In 1995, a group of Ojibway protestors occupied Ipperwash Provincial Park saying that it was land that had been taken away from them decades ago. The situation led to a violent dispute between police and protestors. Protestor Dudley George was shot and killed in the incident. In 2007, the Ontario government said that the land was going to be returned.
Lastly, I will examine the Caledonia Crisis. In 2006, Six Nations protestors occupied Douglas Creek Estates because of land claims. They said that the property was theirs but the construction company had said that they bought it. Eventually, the Ontario government bought the land. During this time, acts of violence occurred between the Natives, residents, and police.
All three of these conflicts started out with land claims. All of them included violence; Oka and Ipperwash included death with Caledonia including murder attempts. In the case of Oka, the Army even had to intervene. In Caledonia, not only was the violence between police and Natives, but also with the residents who were sick of the violence. All these conflicts included occupation of land and barricades. The difference in these three cases is their time period, their location, and the Native groups involved.
Disputes over land in Canada still go on between the Native peoples and the Canadian government, they always have been going on and they always will be going on if the two can’t live in harmony.
Article posted May 5, 2009 at 07:08 PM •
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