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Ipperwash and Caledonia compared to Oka Crisis
Throughout the history of Canada there have been many scenarios in which the Government has abused the Native Land rights. There are many land disputes in Canada; three main and important ones are the Oka Crisis, Ipperwash and Caledonia.
The Oka crisis was a land dispute in, the town of Oka just outside of Montreal, between the Mohawks and the town of Oka. The crisis started when the Mayor of Oka, Jean Ouellette, had announced that he would be expanding the local golf course from a 9 hole course to an 18 hole course. The Mohawks responded to his announcement by protesting. The protests couldn’t be stopped by the police so the government had to call in the Canadian army to deal with the issue. To defend their land the Mohawks had set up 12 barriers around their land. The army’s method in trying to get them to evacuate was using tear gas and smoke grenades. Their plan had back fired because the wind was blowing the gas back at them. After 78 days of conflict the crisis had ended with the Mohawks burning their weapons and Tobacco then surrendering. In the end the golf course was not extended and the Mohawks kept the land.
The Ipperwash Crisis was a dispute over land between the Ipperwash provincial park and the Ojibway tribe. Many Ojibway members gathered in the provincial park to assert their land claim. It quickly became a violent dispute between the Ojibway protesters and the Ontario Provincial Police. During the Ipperwash crisis one Ojibway tribes’ man was killed by the police. After the crisis had ended the land wasn’t given back until December 2007.
The Caledonia Crisis is a dispute over land between the six nations of the Grand River against the government. The government tried to take the land from the Natives in many areas of Ontario. Caledonia was one of those areas. All of the land was going to be bought up by Henco industries. Henco wanted to turn the land into a subdivision known as the Douglas Creek Estates. The crisis started when the people from the six nations of the Grand River put up tents and a large wooden building on the land known as the Douglas Creek Estates. Henco ordered for the people to leave the land. The sheriff delivered the order, but it was quickly burned by one of the six nations peoples. The crisis has not yet been resolved.
All of these three events have been disputes over land. In all three cases there has been an area of land that someone has wanted to take from the native groups. The natives stood up to them by protesting in similar and different ways. In two of the three events the natives have one but the third has not yet been resolved. All Native groups in Canada are facing troubles because of their rights. People don’t believe that the land belongs to the natives because they don’t have any official paperwork. The Natives were there way before them so the land should belong to them.
Article posted May 7, 2009 at 07:20 PM •
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