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Ipperwash and Caledonia Compared To Oka
There have been land disputes over the years in Canadian history, between the aboriginals and the settlers. There are three in particular to compare, Ipperwash, Caledonia and the Oka crisis. These crisis's have happened not so long ago. This shows that nothing has really changed. Has anything been resolved in any of these situations?
Ipperwash was a land dispute which happened on September 4, 1995, at Ontario's Provincial Park called Ipperwash. Stoney Point Ojibway band was a group of natives who basically took control of the park in order to claim their land. Their reserve was taken by Ottawa in the year 1942 for military training. 53 years later the group of Stoney Point natives took over the park. The natives wanted to protest peacefully to get their land claim. But the police just started firing at the unarmed natives and running into the park. An OPP sniper, Kenneth Deane, took down one native named Dudley George. The government takes full responsibility for his death. Dudley George's family put a law suit against Mike Harris the former Ontario Premier The 56 hectares of land got returned to the Stoney Point First Nations in 2007. The Caledonia crisis took place in Caledonia, Ontario in the year of 2006. The residents of the Six Nations reserve protested and took over a construction site. The Caledonia crisis is being called one of the longest land disputes. The dispute is still continuing now.
The Oka crisis was a land dispute between the Canadian government and the Mohawk natives. This dispute took place in Oka, Quebec on July 11 1990 and ended September 26, 1990. The dispute was about the Oka golf course wanted to expand it's 9 hole course to an 18 hole. The Mohawk natives protested setting up barricades around their reserve, the army got called in by the mayor, the army set up barb wire around the perimeter. The Mohawk women have a rule do not fire until fired upon. Somehow guns got fired but it was unclear who shot first. There were three deaths. 1 direct and 2 indirect. One of the deaths was officer Marcel Lemay. The Mohawks got food delivered but it came damaged, most likely from the army. The army also cut their phone lines so that they could only call the army for negotiations. A women who was a Mohawk native who worked in the Canadian government got fired. The people of Oka were tired of their protest and were burning effigees.This crisis lasted 78 days, until the Mohawks came out from the perimeter, they were beaten and most were arrested. But the golf course did not get built.
Ipperwash is different to Oka because in Oka the people were going to build something on their land, where as i n Ipperwash they were taking a park back. Caledonia is similar to Oka because in both of the disputes the people were developing on their land. In Oka and Ipperwash people have died but in Caledonia there are no deaths. Caledonia dispute is still happening but Ipperwash and Oka have already ended. All three disputes have been over land.
These land disputes are very similar with minor differences. Will these disputes ever really end? If they're so similar, nothing has really changed. In a way history keeps on repeating itself. One land dispute is still happening. In the end will the natives ever have their own land? Or will they have to blend with the rest of society? These land disputes nothing has been resolved. Will there ever be a solution?
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Article posted May 4, 2009 at 06:26 PM •
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