Conditions of Use
Written by MN, grade 5A - More than 500000 people are diagnosed with Parkinson disease. Every year, more and more people are affected. Parkinson disease is a disorder that affects the central nervous system. The central nervous system is the control center of your coordination.
Parkinson disease is a disorder where messages can’t get to motor nerves in the legs and arms. The messages are from the brain that tells you what to do. If your messages can’t get to the place they need to go, that part won’t work properly. You can’t control the movements at that part of your body. When you have Parkinson disease your arms and legs shake, or tremor, and your speech isn’t clear. Parkinson disease also makes your mood, thinking, and behavior to change. After you’ve had Parkinson disease for eight years, you’ll have postural instability. You usually walk slower than you did before. Another word for that is ‘bradykinesa’.
As mentioned, Parkinson disease is a disorder that affects the nervous system. The nervous system is the boss of your entire body. It tells you to breath, sneeze, cough, blink, and even to go to the bathroom. Without your nervous system, you couldn’t have screamed when you get hurt and you would have died. The nervous system consists on the brain, the control center of the nervous system, the spinal cord, a bundle of nerves where messages travel, and the nerves, which picks up and sends information all over the body. There are 3 types of nervous systems. The one Parkinson disease affects is the central nervous system. The central nervous system is the control center of your coordination.
What causes this disease?
In your brain, neurons produce a vital chemical called dopamine. Dopamine is a chemical messenger that allows communication between a part in your brain called substania nigra and another part called corpus striatum. When the dopamine results are low in the nerve functioning, it causes a loss in ability to control your body movements. When this happens, you get Parkinson disease. You usually pick it up later in your life.
By the way, Parkinson disease was discovered by James Parkinson. He was born on April 11 1755 and he died on December 21 1824. James Parkinson was a geologist, physician, and a paleontologist. He is very famous for an essay called “An Essay of Shaking Palsy”, written in 1817. He called Parkinson disease “paralysis agitans”. Later, “paralysis agitans” was called Parkinson disease.
People usually get Parkinson disease when their old. When your 60 and above, you’ll have to be careful, I mean, who knows? You can get Parkinson disease anytime when you’re old. People that are above 60 don’t only get Parkinson disease. You can get it when you’re 40, 30, or even when you’re 25 years old! Men usually get Parkinson disease more common than women get it. So, all the boys in the world be careful! Parkinson disease can also be passed by family members. Make sure no one in your family may get Parkinson disease! You may know the famous boxer Muhammad Ali, he has Parkinson disease. Former US Attorney General, Janet Reno, artist Salvador Dali, have been affected by this disease. Actors, Terry Thomas, Deborah Kerr, Kenneth More, Jim Backus, Michael Redgrave and many other actors are suffering.
Is there a cure?
Until now, scientists haven’t found a cure for this disease. There are many medications, but most of them have side-effects. There is a medicine called MAO-B inhibitors, which prevents the breakdown of dopamine, but if you eat this medicine, you’ll have low blood pressure and irregular heartbeat. Another medicine called Amantadine which acts like a replacement for dopamine, but this medicine is only mildly effective for symptoms. There is a surgery called pallidotomy, which helps in reducing symptoms. There is also a therapy called Ayurveda. Ayurveda is a therapy that has only herbal ingredients and this therapy are from India.
Consequently, Parkinson disease can seriously affect your life. Your bodies can no longer function properly. In the future, I hope scientists find a good cure for Parkinson disease.
Bryan, Jenny. Body Talk: Mind and Matter, Brain and Nervous System. New York, NY 10022. Wayland (Publishers) Limited. 1993.
Article posted April 2, 2009 at 04:41 AM •
comment • Reads 415
see all articles
About the Blogger
My name is Malini and I am ten years old. I like to draw,read, and write. I am from India and I've been in ACS for the last seven years. This is my eighth year.
Latest 10 Comments: