“Taxation without Representation!”
In 1662 King Charles granted a charter to Connecticut colony giving the colonist the rights to make their own laws (Speare, 70). Assemblies elected by the colonists make laws set tales, and raised companies of troops called militia to defend the colonies (Carter, 8) 1687, King James wanted British parliament to make laws for the colonists (Speare, 70).
In 1765, British parliament could make laws for the colonists. The king needed to pay for the French and Indian war so he made laws to tax the colonists (Harcourt, 266)
The king started the sugar, act in 1764 (Harcourt, 272).
“This tariff angered the colonists. But what bothered them most was that they had had no part in making this tax law” (Harcourt, 272). The king and British parliament all had say in passing the laws. “Unlike other British citizens, the colonists could not elect law makers… but parliament was quick to remind colonists they were British subjects.” (Harcourt, 263)
The stamp act was another blow to the colonists democratic ideals. The colonists had been practicing self-government, separate from the king for years (Harcourt, 263). They collected their own taxes to pay for services in the colonies (Carter, 8).
The stamp act of 1765 was another attempt by parliament to get the war dept. “The new tax laws angered the people in the colonies” (January,6). The stamp act required colonists to pay for a stamp (to show they paid the tax) On all paper goods like newspaper, mail, cards, and normal paper.
“ Parliament added these new laws to show they could still make laws for the colonists” (Harcourt, 277). The stamp act congress met to get the act repealed. James Otis said the famous quote “No taxation without representation”(Harcourt, 274). These British laws were directly opposed to the self-government. The colonists had been practicing for over 100 YEARS!
The colonists did not get to elect representatives into British parliament. “They did not have any say in the tax laws they were being forced to pay. The king made a third law that angered the colonists, the tax on tea, 1773. The colonists believed in democracy” (Harcourt, 263). The colonists were not represented in British parliament and believed the only way to ensure their rights were to fight for them. The colonists dressed up as Indians and went down to the water (Maestro, 7) to dump all the tea into the water to prove a point of there freedom.
The colonists were British citizens living in America. When the British was trampling their rights by the sugar act, the stamp act, and the tax on tea, they first appealed to the king and parliament. When that didn’t work they protested. Eventually the rally cry of “No taxation without representation.” “The congress sent an appeal for peace and Harmony to king George that parliament get rid of all the un-constitutional laws controlling America” (Schanzer, 27). Would lead the colonists to fight for their freedom. The colonists wanted a true represented government.
In 1773, The Tax On Tea, leads to the Boston Tea Party. The colonists threw all of the tea in the Harbor. The colonists were tired of taxes. They put their foot down and got ready. They disguised themselves as Indians so they wouldn’t get caught as they were throwing the tea into the Harbor. (Maestro, 7) But the King won’t be happy when he here’s the news. But the colonists want to send a message, that the want to be free.
In 1776, in the revolutionary war, British colonists fight Britain for the right to become American citizens and be truly free.
Carter, Alden. “The American Revolution.”
New York: Franklin Watts, 1992.
Harcourt Brace. “We The People; Early United States.”
Orlando: Harcourt Brace and Company, 2000.
January, Brendan. “The Revolutionary War.”
New York: Children’s Press, 2000.
Maestro, Betsy. “Liberty or Death; The American Revolution 1763-1783.” New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2005.
Schanzer, Rosalyn. “George vs. George; The American Revolution as seen from Both Sides.” Washington D.C.: National Geographic, 2000.
Speare, Elizabeth George. “The Witch of Blackbird Pond.” New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, Inc, 1958.