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In 1662 king Charles granted a charter to Connecticut colonies giving the colonist the rights to make laws their own. (Spear 70) Assemblies elected by the colonists made laws, set taxes, and raised companies of troops called militia to defend the colonies. (Charter, 8) In 1687, King James wanted British parliament to make laws for the colonists. (Spear, 70)
In 1765 British parliament and the king were still able to make laws for the colonists. The king needed to pay for the French and Indian war so he made laws to tax the colonists. (Harcourt 266)
The king started the sugar act in 1764 (Harcourt 272) “This tariff angered the colonists. But what bothered them most was they had no part in making this tax law.”(Harcourt, 272) The king and British parliament had a say in passing laws. Unlike other British citizens the colonist could not elect lawmakers… but parliament was quick to remind the colonists they were British subjects. (Harcourt)
The stamp act was another blow to the colonist’s democratic ideals. The colonists had bean-practicing self-government for years.
The stamp act of 1765 was another attempt by parliament to get to get the colonist to pay for the war debt (January 6) to get stamps on paper products was what was required (to show they paid a tax).
Parliament added these new laws to show they could still make laws for the colonist. (Harcourt, 277). The stamp act congress met to get the act repelled, James Otis then said the famous quote “NO taxation without representation.” (Harcourt 224). These laws were directly against the ideas of self-government the colonist had bean practicing for 100 year.
The colonist did not get to elect representatives into British parliament. They were not given any say into the tax laws they were forced to pay. The king made a third law that angered the colonist the tax on tea.1773, the colonist believed in democracy (Harcourt, 263) the colonist were not represented in British parliament and believed the only way to ensure their rights was to fight.
The colonist were British citizens living in America their rights were being trampled by taxes such as the sugar act the stamp act and the tea act. First they appealed to the king when that didn’t work the protested. Eventually the cry of no taxation without representation would lead to a fight for freedom.
Congress sent an appeal for peace and harmony. (Schanzer) In 1776 in the revolutionary war British colonists fight Britain to become American citizens and be truly free.
Carter, Alden. The American Revolution. New York: Franklin Watts, 1992
Harcourt, Brace. We the; early united states. Orlando: Harcourt brace and company, 2000.
January, Brendan. The revolutionary war. New York: Children’s press, 2000
Maestro Betsy. Liberty or death; The American Revolution 1763-1783. New York: Harper Collins publishers, 2005
Schanzer, Rosalyn. George vs. George: The American Revolution as seen from both sides. Washington D.C. national geographic, 2004.
Spear Elizabeth George. The Witch Of Blackbird Pond. New York: Bantom Doubleday publishing group, inc. 1958.
Article posted May 22, 2008 at 01:53 PM •
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