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Interesting Thoughts on ADHD Students
Positive Association Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Medication use and Academic Achievement During Elementary School, by Richard M. Scheffler, Timothy T. Brown, Brent D. Fulton, Stephen P. Hinshaw, Peter Levine, and Susan Stone (pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/123/5/1273
This article offers a great deal of information concerning the academic performance of students with ADHD. For instance, 7.8% of students (4.4 million) in the United States are diagnosed with this disorder. They also site that 56% of students that have ADHD take some kind of medication. They note that it is commonly held that there is a link between students with ADHD and poor academic performance. However, the article asserts that the relationship between ADHD medication and academic ability is unknown.
The authors wish to see if ADHD medication is a benefit to students’ academic work in the elementary school years. The researchers used a U.S. sample of 594 students with ADHD. They looked at the connection between math and reading scores of students who were and were not medicated. The researchers also applied 5 survey waves to students from kindergarten to the fifth grade to “estimate a first-differenced regression model, which controlled for time-invariant confounding variable” (Scheffler, 2009).
The researchers ultimately found that medicated students had a higher mean score in mathematics than did their counterparts who did not take medication. Medicated students also had higher reading scores than students who were not medicated.
The researchers argue that these findings are crucial to the continuing discussion about medication and academic achievement. They conclude, however, that longer term studies are needed to fully understand the relationship between ADHD medication and academics.
Article posted May 26, 2011 at 09:03 AM •
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I am the Dean of Academics at a private military school in central Missouri called Missouri Military Academy.
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